The Different Types of Oil by guest blogger Crown Oil

Have you ever wondered which type of oil is used for oil boilers in a domestic heating system?

There are different types of oil available for homes and businesses nowadays. If you have an oil boiler in your property, then you will need to use heating oil.

You may think of oil as being the same, single substance but there are differences in viscosity (oil’s resistance to flow), volatility (how quickly the water evaporates) and toxicity (how poisonous it is).

Standard home heating oil is also known as several other terms including:

-        Boiler Juice

-        Kero / C2 Kero / Kerosene

-        Paraffin

-        Domestic Oil

-        28 Sec Oil / 28 Second Heating Oil

-        Burning Oil

-        Fuel Oil

Home heating oil is a popular fuel used in oil-fired boilers and furnaces. An Oftec technician should be able to help identify which type of oil your system will need if you are not sure what type of fuel is used.

According to Which? it is estimated that four 4 million homes in the UK do not have a main line connection for their gas, meaning they are reliant on deliveries of heating oil to heat up their homes for both warmth and hot water. When added to the boiler, the heating oil heats up the water which is circulated in piping and central heating systems throughout the home. The process is the same for larger buildings such as schools or hospitals although much larger oil-fired heating systems are used.

The oil supply will need to be delivered and stored in a tank which is either located above ground or underground.

The most efficient fuel to use in your home heating system is Kerosene. It is the UK’s most common form of fuel oil for properties which are reliant on oil for heating homes (source: Best Value Home Heating) It is the only fuel suitable for use with an indoor oil-fired boiler and condensing oil-fired boiler.

As well as burning very cleanly, Kerosene is less likely to ‘wax up’ during the cold winter months. This is a process also known as ‘gelling’ where crystals start to form that prevent the oil from easily flowing.

A cleaner, more efficient type of Kerosene can be bought, containing additives. It will cost more than standard Kerosene oil although it will burn more cleanly and efficiently.

Nowadays, many homes rely on the national grid for a supply of gas to heat up their homes although there are still a large number of homes that are dependent on heating oil to provide heat for their homes. Whilst this may seem somewhat old fashioned, as a source of energy, it is a very efficient method of heating, given the low prices available.

According to Oilsave, home heating oil fuel can be up to around 90% efficient, 48% more than gas and 50% cheaper than electric. This is also why Kerosene is still a preferred choice of heating sources for many people.

There are some disadvantages of using heating oil for heating up a home. Firstly, the price constantly fluctuates from day to day, due to several factors such as the level of supply, location and global political unrest. Secondly, as a fossil fuel, Kerosene cannot be completely classed as a ‘green’ form of energy.

Thank you to our guest blogger Crown Oil - With almost 70 years’ experience as fuels and lubricants distributors, they supply a range of fuels with a variety of fuel services and can provide advice on oil storage for their customers.